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Ramadan Feast in Turkey

Quick Facts

The Ramadan Feast is a three-day festival and one of the most important religious holidays in Turkey.

Local names

NameLanguage
Ramazan BayramıTurkish
Ramadan FeastEnglish
Fest des Fastenbrechens (Ramadan endet)German

Alternative names

NameLanguage
Şeker BayramıTurkish
The Sugar FeastEnglish

Ramadan Feast 2014

Monday, July 28, 2014

Ramadan Feast 2015

Saturday, July 18, 2015
List of dates for other years

The Ramadan Feast in Turkey is a time for visiting relatives and paying one’s respect to older people. Many Turks give away sweets and desserts during the festival, and children may watch free Turkish shadow plays.

Typical Ramadan foods

The Ramadan Feast in countries such as Turkey is a time for families to get together and join in activities such as sharing special meals.

©iStockphoto.com/hemeroskopion

What do people do?

Many people wake up early on the first day of the Ramadan Feast. They put on their best clothes, called bayramlık, which they often buy specifically for the occasion, and have a large breakfast. This symbolizes the end of the fasting period, which many Muslims observe during the preceding month of Ramadan.

The Ramadan Feast has an alternative name in Turkey, the Sugar Feast (Şeker Bayramı), because people treat their guests to sweets and traditional desserts during the festival. It is customary to visit one's relatives, especially older ones, and kiss their hand as a sign of respect. Children may go door-to-door, kissing hands of the grown-ups and receiving sweets and small amounts of money in return.

Turkish shadow plays, such as Karagöz and Hacivat, are popular during the Ramadan Feast, and children can watch these plays at fairs free of charge. In a more recent tradition, some people use the official holiday to travel abroad or go to Turkish resorts.

Public life

The Ramadan Feast is an official holiday that continues for three days in Turkey. Administration buildings, schools and most businesses are closed during this period. Public transport may run less frequently, and fares are usually lower compared to regular days. Highways may be overcrowded, especially in the morning of the first day and in the afternoon of the last day of the Ramadan Feast, as many people travel on these days.

Background

The Ramadan Feast is the first day of Shawwal, which is the 10th month of the Islamic calendar. Each month in the Islamic calendar begins with the first sighting of the new moon. As a result, the exact dates of the Ramadan Feast change every year, according to the Gregorian calendar. Celebrating the Ramadan Feast after a month of fasting is one of the earliest and most important traditions of Islam.

Symbols

The symbols of the Ramadan Feast include:

These symbols can be seen in artwork related to the Ramadan Feast in Turkey.

About Ramadan Feast in other countries

Read more about Ramadan Feast.

Ramadan Feast Observances

WeekdayDateYearNameHoliday type
SatOct 132007Ramadan FeastNational holiday
TueSep 302008Ramadan FeastNational holiday
SunSep 202009Ramadan FeastNational holiday
ThuSep 92010Ramadan FeastNational holiday
TueAug 302011Ramadan FeastNational holiday
SunAug 192012Ramadan FeastNational holiday
ThuAug 82013Ramadan FeastNational holiday
MonJul 282014Ramadan FeastNational holiday
SatJul 182015Ramadan FeastNational holiday

Related holiday

Other holidays in July 2014 in Turkey

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